Brethren is a response to the ongoing military conflicts in the world, in particular between Israel and Gaza. It uses the repetitive motif of a 155-millimeter artillery shell. Unlike the lethal originals, these shells are ice.  The ice is made of spice water: the spices that are commonly used by both Arab and Jewish people in their cooking.

An ephemeral material has been chosen to symbolize a wish that real artillery might be as benign as water; also to explore the real-time melting process of the shells, to suggest the unruly and unpredictable process of conflict.